Chinés

Un article de Wikipèdia, l'enciclopèdia liura.
Anar a : navigacion, Recercar
Tièra de 1000 articles que totas las Wikipèdias deurián aver.
Chinés
漢語;中文 [zhōngwén]
Tipologia SVO + SOV [1]
Classificacion per familha
 -  Lengas sinotibetanas

    -  Lengas chinesas

       -  Variantas del chinés
Tipe L (lenga viva)

Lo chinés o las lengas siniticas (中国语文, Zhōnggúo yǔwén o 中文, Zhōngwén) es una familha de lengas mutualament compreensiblas [1] a de grases divèrses.

A l'origina son las lengas indigènas parladas pels chineses Han en China, e constituís una de las doas brancas de la familha de las lengas sinotibetanas. Aperaquí un cinquen de la populacion mondiala, siá mai d'un miliard de personas, parlan una forma de chinés coma lenga mairala. L'identificacion de las varietats de chinés coma "dialèctes" e non pas "lengas" es considerada inapropriada per d'unes lingüistas e sinologistas.[2]

Lo chinés parlat se destria per un naut nivèl de diversitat intèrna, e mai que totas las varietats de chinés sián tonalas e analiticas.

Diferentas lengas siniticas[modificar | modificar la font]

Referéncias[modificar | modificar la font]

  1. *David Crystal, The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987) , p. 312. “The mutual unintelligibility of the varieties is the main ground for referring to them as separate languages.”
    • Charles N. Li, Sandra A. Thompson. Mandarin Chinese: A Functional Reference Grammar (1989), p 2. “The Chinese language family is genetically classified as an independent branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.”
    • Jerry Norman. Chinese (1988), p.1. “The modern Chinese dialects are really more like a family of language.
    • John DeFrancis. The Chinese Language: Fact and Fantasy (1984), p.56. "To call Chinese a single language composed of dialects with varying degrees of difference is to mislead by minimizing disparities that according to Chao are as great as those between English and Dutch. To call Chinese a family of languages is to suggest extralinguistic differences that in fact do not exist and to overlook the unique linguistic situation that exists in China."
  2. Mair, Victor H. (1991). What Is a Chinese "Dialect/Topolect"? Reflections on Some Key Sino-English Linguistic Terms (PDF). 

Ligams intèrnes[modificar | modificar la font]

Ligams extèrnes[modificar | modificar la font]