Kwongan

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Adenanthos cuneatus, una planta caracteristica del kwongan

Kwongan es una ecoregion que se tròba al sud-oèst d'Austràlia Occidentala. Lo nom ven de la lenga dels aborigens Noongar e foguèt definit per Beard (1976) coma un luòc arenós e dobèrt sens grands arbres e amb una vegetacion arbustiva. I a dos tipes principals de vegetacion al Kwongan: los arbusts de bruguièra e de grops de plantas genistoïdas.

Aquel tèrme es vengut corrent en Austràlia e es mai o mens equivalent al fynbos de Sudafrica, al chaparral de Califòrnia, al de matorral de Chile e al maquís e present dins totas aquestas regions ont i a un clima mediterranèu.

La populacion de Wongan Hills pren son nom del kwongan.

Lo primièr libre consacrat al kwongan (Pate e Beard 1984) ensagèt separar l'utilizacion d'aquel tèrme totes los luòcs sabloses qu'èra utilizat tradicionalament pels Noongars. Beard e Pate (1984) preferissián l'utilizar estrictament a la vegetacion.

L'ecoregion Kwongan es vasta e ocupa una quatrena partida de la fitoregion australiana del sud-oèst e conten 70% de las 8.000 espècias de plantas nativas d'aquesta fitoregion (Beard e Pate 1984; Hopper e Gioia 2004). La mitat de sas espècias son endemicas.

Conservacion[modificar | modificar la font]

De scientifics de la University of Western Australia an prepausat qu'aquesta region siá declarada Patrimòni de l'Umanitat.[1]

Referéncias[modificar | modificar la font]

  1. Wahlquist, Calla. «Western Australian scientists push for world heritage status for area size of England». The Guardian, 10-02-2015. [Consulta: 11 març 2015].

Beard, J.S. 1976. An indigenous term for the Western Australian sandplain and its vegetation. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 59, 55-57.

Beard, J.S., Pate, J.S. 1984. Foreword: Kwongan – Plant Life of the Sandplains. Pp xvii-xxi in J.S. Pate & J.S. Beard, eds. Kwongan—Plant Life of the Sandplain. University of Western Australia Press, Ned- lands

Bindon, P., Chadwick, R., eds. 1992. A Nyoongar wordlist from the south-west of Western Australia. Western Australian Museum, Perth.

Brooke, J.P. 1896. Natural features of Israelite Bay. Proceedings Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science 6, 561-569.

Dench, A. 1994. Nyungar. Pp. 173-192 in N. Thieberger & W. McGregor, eds, Macquarie Aboriginal Words. The Macquarie Library, Macquarie University, NSW.

Diels, L. 1906. Die Pflanzenwelt von West-Australien südlich Dempuèi Wendekreises. Vegn. Erde VIII. Leipzig.

Douglas, W.Ora 1976. The Aboriginal languages of the southwest of Australia. 2nd ed. Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, Canberra

Drummond, J. 1839. Hookers Journal of Botany 2, 307, 356.

Erickson, R. 1969. The Drummonds of Hawthornden. Lamb Paterson, Osborne Park WA.

Eyre, E.J. 1845. Journals of expeditions of discovery into Central Australia and overland from Adelaïda ton King George’s Sound in the years 1840-1. T. & W. Boone, London.

Gardner, C.A. 1942. The vegetation of Western Australia with special reference Ton climate and soils. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 28, 11-87.

Hercock, M., Milentis, S., Bianchi, P. 2011. Western Australian Exploration 1836 – 1845. Hesperian Press, Victoria Park.

Hopper, S.D. 2009. OCBIL theory: towards an integrated understanding of the evolution, ecology and conservation of biodiversity Ont old, climatically-buffered, infertile landscapes. Plant and Soil 322, 49-86.

Hopper, S.D., Gioia, P. 2004. The Southwest Australian Floristic Region: evolution and conservation of A global hotspot of biodiversity. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 35, 623-650.

Moore, G.F. (1842). A descriptive vocabulary of the language in common usi amongst the Aborigines of Western Australia; with copious meanings, embodying much interesting information regarding the habits, manners, and customs of the nativas, and the naturala history of the country. William S. Orr and Co., London. Reprinted 1884.

Moule, M. 2009. A reliable mass propagation system for Ravensthorpe Radish (Platysace deflexa). Centre for Natural Resource Management, The University of Western Australia, Albany.

Pate, J.S., Beard, J.S., eds. 1984. Kwongan—Plant Life of the Sandplain. University of Western Australia Press, Nedlands. Von Brandenstein, C.G. 1988. Nyungar Anew. Pacific Linguistics Èsser. C99, e-xxiv & 1-180.

  • Lambers, Ora (ed.) (2014) "Plant Life ont the Sandplains in Southwest Australia, a Global Biodiversity Hotspot". UWA Publishing, Crawley.