Tamburlan

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Formacion de l'Empèri Timurida e extension en 1405.
Stamps of Uzbekistan, 2007-37.jpg

Tamburlan o Barlan (nommat ansin en occitan; en persan:تیمور Timūr ; "fèrre" o تيمور لنگ, Timūr-e Lang, "Timur la Lama"; en chagatai: Temür; en turc: Demir; conegut dins d'autras lengas coma Timur, Tamerlane, Tamerlan; 8 d'abril de 133618 de febrièr de 1405), foguèt un emperaire mongòl e conquistaire de l'oèst, del sud e del centre d'Asia, e lo fondador de la dinastia tamburlanida (1370–1405) en Asia Centrala, e rèiregrand de Babur, lo fondador de la dinastia Mogòl, que subrevisquèt amb l'Empèri Mogòl en Índia entrò en 1857.[1][2][3][4][5]

Tamburlan èra a son epòca un personatge contravertit, e o demòra encara uèi. Ensagèt de restaurar l'Empèri Mongòl,[6][7] pasmens son accion pus pesuga foguèt contra l'Òrda d'Aur tatara e islamizada. Èra mai sovent en çò sieu dins un environament urban que non pas per l'estèpa. Sas guèrras e sas ràzias afectèron grèvament mantun estat musulman, en particular lo Soudanat de Delhi. Grand amator d'arts, sas campanhas causèron tanben de vastas destruccions.

Referéncias[modificar | modificar la font]

  1. "Timur", Encyclopædia Britannica, Online Academic Edition, 2007.
  2. "Central Asia, history of Timur", in Encyclopædia Britannica, Online Edition, 2007., Quotation: "... Timur first united under his leadership the Turko-Mongol tribes located in the basins of the two rivers...."
  3. History of Central Asia, Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 13 December 2008.
  4. B.F. Manz, "Tīmūr Lang", in Encyclopaedia of Islam.
  5. "Timur" The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, 2001-05. Quotation: Tamerlane, c.1336–1405, b. Kesh, near Samarkand. He is also called Timur Leng [Timur the lame]. He was the son of a tribal leader. Some historians claim that he was the descendant of Jenghiz Khan. He was from a Mongol tribe, Barlos. There were mongol tribes used to live in the area where his father was a leader. Timur spent his early military career in subduing his rivals in what is now Turkistan; by 1369 he firmly controlled the entire area from his capital at Samarkand.
  6. Beatrice Forbes Manz, Temür and the Problem of a Conqueror's Legacy, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Third Series, Vol. 8, No. 1 (Apr., 1998), 25; "In his formal correspondance Temur continued throughout his life as the restorer of Chinggisid rights. He even justified his Iranian, Mamluk and Ottoman campaigns as a reimposition of legitimate Mongol control over lands taken by usurpers...".
  7. Michal Biran, The Chaghadaids and Islam: The Conversion of Tarmashirin Khan (1331-34) , Journal of American Oriental Society, Vol. 122, No. 4 (Oct. - Dec., 2002), 751; "Temur, a non-Chinggisid, tried to build a double legitimacy based on his role as both guardian and restorer of the Mongol Empire.".